- Introduction of DOS in Hindi
- About DOS Command in Hindi
Introduction of DOS in Hindi
DOS की full form Disk Operating System है | हम सब जानते है की सारे computer operating system पर work करते है अगर OS नही तो computer कुछ भी नही | OS एक software है जो computer के हार्डवेयर और उपकरणों को नियंत्रित करता है और दुसरे program को work करने की permission देता है | यदि हमको computer पर work करना चाहते है तो हमको सीखना होगा की वो किस instruction पर work करता है क्योंकि पहले जो computer हुआ करते थे उनमें कोई graphic नही हुआ करते थे बस आपके सामने एक ब्लैक कलर की window होती थी और उस पर work करने के लिए आपको command की knowledge होना जरुरी था तो मैं यहाँ कुछ command बताने जा रहा हु |
About DOS command in Hindi
यहाँ पर मैं आपको DOS की command के बारे मैं बताऊंगा यहाँ पढने के बाद आप जरुर MS-DOS पर work कर पाएंगे |
इस command का use आप फाइल्स, Directory और sub-directory चेक करने मैं कर सकते है |
- C:\>Dir<Directory name>
अगर आप किसी particular directory की files या उसकी sub-directory देखना चाहते हो तो इस command का यूज़ करेंगे |
अगर आप cls command यूज़ करते है तब command prompt की स्क्रीन clean हो जाएगी| Full Form of cls – Clear Screen
- C:\>md<directory name>
इस command की हेल्प से एक new directory create कर सकते है |
Example – C:\>md abc
- C:\>rd<directory name>
इस command की हेल्प से पहले से बनी हुयी कोई भी directory को remove किया जा सकता है |
Example – C:\>rd abc
- C:\>cd<directory name>
इस command की हेल्प से आप किसी भी directory मैं move या बदलने के लिए कर सकते है |
Example – C:\>cd abc
- C:\abc> <command>
अगर आप पहले से किसी directory मैं है और उस directory से वापस आना कहते है तब आप ये command यूज़ करेंगे |
Example – C:\abc> cd..
इस command को यूज़ करते ही आप पुरानी directory मैं पहुँच जायेंगे |
- C:\abc> Del<file name>
इस command से आप किसी भी file को delete कर सकते है | यहाँ आपकी file abc directory के अंदर है जो आप delete करना चाहते है |
Example – C:\abc> del abc.txt
- Date command – C:\ <command name>
इस command का यूज़ आप current date देखने मैं कर सकते है |
Example – C:\ date
- C:\ <command><file name>
इस command का यूज़ हम file के टेक्स्ट को screen पर पढने के लिए कर सकते है |
Example – C:\ TYPE abc.txt
- Time command – C:\ <command name>
इस command का यूज़ आप current time देखने के लिए कर सकते है |
Example – C:\ time
- C:\ <drive name>
अगर आप current drive से किसी दूसरी drive मैं जाना चाहते है तो आपको इस command का यूज़ करना होगा |
Example – C:\ d:
- Exit command – C:\ <command name>
अगर आप command prompt से बहार आना चाहते है तो आप Exit command यूज़ करके आ सकते है |
Example – C:\ exit
- Rename command – C:\ REN<old file name><new file name>
अगर आप किसी पुराणी file और directory का name change करना है तो आपको rename command यूज़ करनी होगी |
Example – C:\ REN abc.txt xyz.txt
- Path command – C:\ Path
इस command से आप किसी भी software और program की directory के बारे मैं पता कर सकते हो |
Example – C:\ Path
- Help command – C:\ Help <command name>
अगर आपको कोई command समझ मैं नही आई की कैसे यूज़ करेंगे तब आप help command यूज़ कर सकते हो |
Example – C:\ Help dir
- Print command – C:\ print <file name>
इस command से आप किसी भी file के print निकाल सकते है ये command dos के २.० version के बाद यूज़ होगी |
Example – C:\ print abc.txt
- Format command – C:\ format <directory name>
अगर आपको कोई disk format करनी है तो आप वो भी कर सकते हो format command से| लेकिन आपको ध्यान रखना पड़ेगा की आप किस drive को format करना चाहते हो तो पहले वो सेलेक्ट करो then इस command का यूज़ करे otherwise अगर आपने कोई other drive सेलेक्ट कर ली तो हो सकता है आपका पूरा data format हो जाये |
Example – C:\ format d:
Know More About UPSC Prelims and Mains Examination
The notification for UPSC Civil Service Examination 2021 will be released on February 10, 2021. This notification will help the candidates to finish their application process in a smooth manner. The application forms are different for prelims, mains and interview stages of UPSC Civil Service Examination. UPSC Apply Online registration process is a simple process. UPSC Apply Online registration involves creating an account on the UPSC website, once it is done, candidates will have to pay the requisite exam fees.
UPSC Civil Service Exams is a multi-tiered examination with stringent criteria for selection of candidates into the civil services of India. UPSC Prelims for 2020 was held on 4th October 2020. The results of UPSC Civil Service Prelims were released on October 23, 2020. Candidates who successfully cleared the prelims examination had to appear for UPSC Mains examination which was scheduled on 8th January 2021. UPSC Mains result will be announced after the examination is completed. A few thousand candidates who cleared the UPSC Mains examination will have to appear for the Interview stage of the examination. The Interview is tentatively scheduled for March 2021 and the results are expected to be announced in April 2021. As per the UPSC Mains result, it will usually have twice the number of vacancies to be filled. The interview carries a weight-age of 275 marks with no minimum qualifying marks.
The IAS 2021 Prelims examination will be conducted in June 2021. The results would be declared within 45 days from the date of the examination. One can tentatively expect the results in August 2021. Candidates can easily check the results of the examination by visiting the official website upsc.gov.in. Just click on the UPSC results link which will be given in the home screen of the website. The results will contain the list of roll numbers selected for the next stage of the examination. After the completion of UPSC Mains examination, the UPSC Mains Result can be found in the official website of the UPSC. It will contain a pdf with a list of roll numbers of candidates that have cleared the mains examination and are eligible for the next round i.e. interview round.
In the mains stage of civil service examination, two papers are dedicated for optional subjects.The optional subjects are Geology, Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Agriculture, History, Medical Science, Public Administration, Sociology, Philosophy, Physics, Statistics, Law, Economics, Anthropology, Botany, Electrical Engineering, Management, Zoology, Political Science & International Relations, Commerce & Accountancy, Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science.
The duration of all the nine papers are 3 hours. Paper A and B are of 300 marks each and Papers I to VII are of 250 marks each. Overall in the Mains stage of the UPSC Examination, the candidates will be assessed for a maximum score of 1750 marks. Candidates who clears the mains examination will move onto the next and final stage i.e. interview stage. In the Interview stage, candidates will be assessed for a maximum score of 275 marks.
Paper A is a compulsory Indian Language and UPSC has given plenty of options for candidates appearing for the UPSC civil service exam. The languages which can be chosen are Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Tamil, Manipuri, Punjabi, Telugu, Bodo, Dogro, Maithili, Santhali, Sindhi, Punjabi, Odia, Nepali, Konkani, Kashmiri.
Top Ten Reasons to Undergo Job Oriented Online Training Programs
Earlier, people used to debate regarding how valuable online training programs are and if they can improve the career prospects of an employee or not. Today, however, many have switched to online training programs; and one of the major reasons for this growing trend is the COVID-19 pandemic. These unprecedented times have compelled the business leaders to rethink their strategies and come up with innovative solutions to transform their offline operations online. As such, the demand for professionals having digital skills increased, and many sought online training programs to learn these skills in a short time.
E-learning has already been a popular mode of learning among professionals and online courses were taken to prepare for industry-recognized certifications. Some of the preferred training programs were PMP training, TOGAF course, AWS certification training, and so on. Navigating through job portals like LinkedIn, Indeed, and Naukri, you would come to know that companies are looking for digital skills so as to hire professionals in areas like digital marketing, data science, cloud computing, virtual reality, blockchain, and artificial intelligence.
If you are just starting your career or looking for a switch, online courses can help you develop all the necessary skills. They offer so many benefits that you wouldn’t think twice before enrolling in one of them. This article discusses the top ten reasons to opt for job-oriented training programs.
So, let’s dive in!
Ten Reasons Why You Should Enroll in Online Courses
Below mentioned reasons are dedicated to professionals and students alike. Go through them to make a wise step for your career.
1.Demonstrates your skills
Employers consider online courses and certifications to understand that the candidates are serious about the role they are applying for and prefer them over non-certified candidates. So, your chances of getting hired increase and you get to stay ahead of the competition. Even during interviews, you can explain what industry-oriented projects you worked on and show that you are capable of working in a given role.
2.Your salary isn’t stagnant anymore
Professionals at mid-level of experience often go through a time in their job where their salary doesn’t increase much annually. At this time, they can go through an online course to gain new skills and show your organization that you are upgrading yourself. This step can help give you that pay raise you demand.
3.Change your career domain
Many professionals are not happy working in the domain they choose first. Over time, the work may seem monotonous or may not remain relevant in the future. Taking online training programs help individuals learn new skills and get comfortable with the new domain. While switching, as they do not have experience in the new field, a certification is considered by employers to know that an individual will be the right fit for the job. In fact, many training providers also offer job assistance programs to grow their networking opportunities and face interviews.
4.Online courses are different from academic courses
One of the major reasons why professionals prefer online courses is because they easily fit into their already occupied schedule. In contrast to the academic courses, they need not spend an entire year studying, go to any physical location to attend classes, or take a break from their job. Online course material is often divided into short video modules and can be followed at a convenient pace. All they need to attend classes is a computer with a stable internet connection.
5.The instructors have years of industry experience
Your education is not limited to the locally available trainers who may not be experienced enough. E-learning gives you a chance to learn from world-class trainers with the comfort of sitting at home. Whatever field you are interested in, the online courses are mentored by highly-qualified instructors who know the industry best practices and what skills employers actually seek in a particular role.
6.Online courses are often budget-friendly
Compared to academic courses, online training programs are more cost-effective. Even students, who are hesitant to spend some extra bucks learning outside their graduation curriculum, have the option of taking Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) offered by renowned universities. It is, however, recommended to go for paid online courses as it has been observed that MOOCs have a lower course completion rate comparatively.
7.Connect with like-minded people
Online classes are attended by professionals across the world. So, if you don’t have any prior experience in the new field, you will get an opportunity to interact with your online classmates and participate in discussion programs to understand how they started off. It also allows you to grow your networking opportunities, improve your communication skills, and you may end up interacting with someone who can help you in your new job hunt.
8.More control over what you learn
Academic courses have a vast syllabus and not the entire content might be useful in your job. Online training providers offer separate courses based on different in-demand skills. For example, if you wish to learn data science, you don’t have to learn both Python and R, any one can be learned based on what your organization uses. So, you’ll find separate courses on data science with python and data science with R, and you’ll end up learning only what is required for your project.
9.Helps in filling the widening skills gap
Technological advancements are happening at a fast pace but university programs aren’t able to upgrade their curriculum and offer graduates all the in-demand skills required for an entry-level job. Online courses, on the other hand, know the company requirements and upgrade their study materials frequently to incorporate any technological changes and train the learners accordingly to be prepared for the job.
10. Helps you prepare for industry-recognized certification exams
There are many certifications acknowledged globally like PMP, TOGAF, ITIL 4 Foundation, Certified Scrum Master (CSM), and Lean Six Sigma Green Belt which are quite beneficial for a professional’s career. However, their associated exams are often difficult to pass through self-study. Training providers also offer courses related to these certifications and train you to pass the exams in a single try.
We are living in a digital world, and those who develop in-demand skills would only survive in the dynamic job market. The time is ripe to enroll in a reliable training course today and reap its benefits in the long run.
Non-Verbal Communication Cues That Convey Confidence At Work
WHAT IS NON-VERBAL COMMUNICATION?
Non-verbal communication is using our physical behavior, expressions, and mannerisms to communicate. Also referred to as body language, it is often instinctive rather than a conscious form of expression. All of our non-verbal behaviors— our gestures, posture, tone of voice, eye contact —send out messages. They can either put people at ease, confuse them, or even offend them on occasion, becoming barriers to effective communication. Building trust and leaving lasting impressions on others have a lot to do with our body language.
Among the types of communication, non-verbal expressions make a far more impactful statement than spoken word. Imagine a usually cheerful colleague at work walks into the office with a glum face, ignores everyone, throws his bag aside, and sits quietly staring at the wall. You turn around and ask, “Is everything ok?” He gives you a curt nod and says, “I am fine!” Now, which message do you believe? His unspoken behavior or his response? His behavior makes you think that something is definitely wrong. In other words, how we look and behave is sometimes more meaningful than what we say.
At workplaces, non verbal communication determines how people around us perceive and behave with us. Body language has the power to make or break our careers. Therefore, effective non-verbal communication is critically important for career advancement. Let us look at some simple yet useful ways to practice non-verbal communication, which is instrumental to our success at work.
NONVERBAL CUES THAT CONVEY CONFIDENCE AT WORK
Eye contact –
Eye contact communicates the level of involvement, interest, and goodwill. Always maintain proper eye contact while speaking to someone. If it is a glance at someone, maintain eye contact for at least a couple of seconds, with a nod or a smile, before looking away. Try not to dart your eyes out as it conveys anxiety or evasion.
Confident handshake –
At workplaces, the handshake is often the only appropriate expression of touch. So, it is critical to have a good handshake. A sincere smile and eye contact should accompany a good handshake. Avoid limp or aggressive handshakes. It is better to initiate the greeting than be uncertain about it.
Effective gestures –
A gesture is usually a hand movement aided by facial expressions that helps to express an idea, opinion, or emotion. A gesture should appear natural and reinforce what you are saying. Hand gestures make people listen to you. But try not not to overdo it as it can create a needless distraction.
Dress the part –
What you wear speaks volumes in the workplace. Wear appropriate clothing that helps you blend in with your organizational norms and culture. It is generally advisable to avoid showy accessories, busy patterns, and inappropriate lengths that fail to convey a polished professional presence in the workplace. Remember, you are dressing up for work.
Stand tall –
An erect posture instantly identifies you as someone positive and a person of conviction. Not only will you look more confident, but you will also feel more confident. People read a lot from what you project with your postures. Slouching or bad posture is a complete no-no for professional settings.
Respond to non-verbal cues that you spot in others around you. It is a good habit to pay close attention to the other person’s body language and voice tone. Their nonverbal cues can tell you if they have a question, want to contribute to a discussion, whether they agree with a statement, or want more clarity. By responding appropriately to others’ cues, you show a high level of empathy, sensitivity, and care for them, which builds trust.
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